Natural Disasters by Year

Natural Disasters by Year

Postby fwiggins » Tue Jun 07, 2011 1:13 pm

A disaster is a situation or event, which overwhelms local capacity, necessitating a request to the national or international level for external assistance or an unforeseen and often sudden event that causes great damage, destruction and human suffering. (Please refer to International Strategy for Disaster Reduction’s website at http://www.unisdr.org/disaster-statisti ... uction.htm.)

A natural disaster is a physical natural event that kills people or overwhelms local capacity for damage control or recovery. Natural disasters include avalanches, floods, hurricanes, tropical storms, earthquakes, cyclones, torrential rains, volcanic eruptions, typhoons, droughts, landslides, mudslides, fires, blizzards and tsumanis, to name a few.

Killed: Persons confirmed as dead and persons missing and presumed dead.
Injured: People suffering from physical injuries, trauma or an illness requiring medical treatment as a direct result of a disaster.

Homeless: These are persons who are in need of immediate assistance in the form of shelter as a consequence of a disaster.

Affected: People requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency, i.e. requiring basic survival needs such as food, water, shelter, sanitation and immediate medical assistance.

Total affected: The sum of people that have been injured, affected and left homeless after a disaster.

Estimated damage: The economic impact of a disaster usually consists of direct (e.g. damage to infrastrucutre, crops, housing) and indirect (e.g. loss of revenues, unemployment, market destabilisation) consequences on the local economy.
http://www.emdat.be/glossary/9
International Agreed Glossary of Basic Terms Related to Disaster Management (1992) UN-DHA, IDNDR, Geneva
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